We realize that Eugene Williams was at water clinging up to a railroad tie, that lots of stones

We realize that Eugene Williams was at water clinging up to a railroad tie, that lots of stones

Coroner’s jury ( in its report): We discover that Eugene Williams was at the water clinging to a railroad tie, that lots of stones had been tossed by the white males inside the way, preventing him, from concern with physical injury, from landing, being compelled to stay call at the deep water associated with pond until he circulated his hang on the railroad tie and drowned.

Peter M. Hoffman, Cook County coroner (within the Tribune): There might have been rocks tossed at him, but none hit him, or there might have been a hemorrhage beneath the skin.

Harris: we said, “Let’s obtain the lifeguard.” Till I got to the island, then I got up and ran over to the beach, which is a good block away so I got a breath and swam underwater. We told the relative mind lifeguard — Butch, they called him — in which he blew a whistle and delivered a ship around. He went along side me personally and dove in and went along to the raft. The men remained onto it. These people were panic-stricken, nevertheless they kept their attention on this fellow who tossed the rocks. This cop that is colored over the coast beside me. We pointed the fellow away. He had been stressed.

So that the colored cop went to arrest him, and also the white cop wouldn’t normally allow him arrest him.

There is a big argument between the two policemen. We went returning to the Street that is 25th beach told the colored individuals.

The lifeguard had gotten the boy’s body, and naturally all the people were here on this island in the meantime. They arrived over and demanded which they arrest the person. And also this occurs when the battle began. If the authorities was in fact on your ball, absolutely nothing will have occurred, nonetheless they began people that are beating clubbing them.

I obtained out of here. Hell, I left my footwear, my cap, and every thing. We cut most of the means right down to Street that is 26th the method right down to Wabash. We had been placing our garments on as quickly as we were operating. Then a bus was caught by us.

The man accused of hurling the rocks ended up being George Stauber, a baker that is 24-year-old. Although Harris remembered him as Polish, Stauber had been the son of a brewer who’d emigrated from Bavaria. He lived 25 % mile western for the beach in a flat on Southern Cottage Grove Avenue.

Theresa Donnelly, Stauber’s child (in a letter that is recent Chicago mag): Our dad hardly ever talked of their youth. We knew their moms and dads had been bad, lived into the Southern Side nearby the train yards, because as a 4-year-old, he — with others — picked within the coal that dropped from the moving trains to be able to warm their house. Their delivery mom passed away as he had been quite young, while having a baby to their bro. The child additionally passed away. Their daddy delivered for the mail-order bride from Bavaria to increase their kids. That they had three daughters of these very own. My dad left college either at 7 or 9 several years of age — we are unsure — to apprentice in a neighborhood bakery. He taken care of their stepmother as she expanded severely crippled with joint disease.

The white policeman whom declined to arrest Stauber had been Daniel Michael Callaghan, 38, who’d emigrated from Ireland. Callaghan (whoever title is misspelled “Callahan” in a lot of reports in the riot) worked out from the 3rd police that is precinct, several obstructs west associated with coastline. The black colored cop whom wished to arrest Stauber had been William Middleton, a 35-year-old detective sergeant from Savannah, Georgia, who’d joined up with law enforcement force in 1911.

Middleton (into the Chicago everyday News): i will create seven witnesses to prove that this guy tossed the rock.

Chicago Commission on Race Relations: Reports for the drowning as well as the alleged conduct of this policeman distribute away to the community. A mob of approximately 1,000 Negroes congregated at 29th Street and Cottage Grove Avenue, whence they had chased Officer Callahan. Other policemen wanting to disperse the mob had been assaulted. James Crawford, Negro, fired a revolver straight into the combined selection of policemen. They retaliated, and Crawford went. A Negro policeman used Crawford, wanting to stop him by firing. Crawford ended up being wounded and died two days later on 29 july.

Monday, July 28

“You’ll be going to Hell’s Valley”

Lucius C. Harper, the Defender’s town editor: Excitement went high all during the day. Sets of men whoever minds had been inflamed by rumors of brutal attacks on guys, ladies, and kids crowded the general public thoroughfares within the Southern Side region from 27th to 39th roads, some voicing sinister sentiments, other people gesticulating, therefore the rest making their method house to grease up the family revolver that is old.

Put into the currently cranky feeling had been the fact some whites decided to help make a call into the Southern Side homes with firearms and torches. This message had been conveyed to team of males who had been congregated near 36th Street, on State.

We elbowed my method to the center of the maddened throng being a man — with their face covered with court plaster — recited the whole story of their experience as a result of a mob, which had pounced upon him unannounced at 31st Street and Archer Avenue.

Around 4:30 p.m., a 64-year-old good fresh fruit vendor known as Casimiro Lazzaroni, who’d arrive at America from Italy into the 1880s, was stabbed to death on State Street, simply south of 36th Street. An hour or so in the future the exact same block, a 31-year-old white Chicago native called Eugene Temple had been stabbed to death as he strolled from the washing he owned. Authorities stated the assailants both in slayings had been black colored.

Samuel T.A. Loftis, an irish diamond that is american (when you look at the Tribune): I experienced simply found its way to the town from a small business journey. We found out about the problem, and thought — because I became a pal of Mayor William Thompson and familiar with many leading Negroes — I could help assuage the battle feeling. I acquired in my own automobile and told the chauffeur to operate a vehicle south on State Street. At 29th a colored mob ended up being wrecking a pawnshop. We stopped to remonstrate. They fired seven shots at me personally from a distance of 10 foot. Nevertheless, we thought i possibly could buy them to be controlled by me personally and I also halted, but there were eight more bullets whizzing my means. Almost all strike the car. At 31st and State Streets about 100 whites had been attacking a Negro and his child. We grabbed him, shoved him to the car together with youngster, and took him into the Illinois Central Depot at 31st Street.

“I saw a policeman on their knees, feebly reaching for their hat, which rested on a lawn before him. And, him, he died. when I watched”

Julius F. Taylor, the editor and publisher of an area regular black colored magazine called the wide Ax: it had been near half past 5 o’clock as soon as we boarded a Racine Avenue trolley headed for house. Whilst the vehicle switched in the part of Root and Halsted Streets, one person in the hellhounds, standing here awaiting a colored villain, went up and pulled the trolley, evoking the automobile to cease during the worst and a lot of dangerous spot over the entire path. The conductor, being truly a fellow that is husky jumped from his car and dealt him a difficult jolt within the jaw.

A colored man snaked out from where he had been hiding before the car arrived at 47th and Racine. Being instead dark, he had been frightened very nearly to death — for without doubt, he felt that the judgment day had come like ourselves. And between them, so that the leaders of the mob would not detect him as he boarded the car, the white passengers — who seemed to be real friendly — urged him to duck down on the floor. The automobile hurried just about to happen at breakneck rate making a beeline for 63rd Street.

A small grouping of white males and guys equipped with bricks chased a man that is black have been pursuing for obstructs into their household. The guy (bottom) had been ultimately stoned to death. A Herald and Examiner picture caption (inset) Photo: (mob) Jun Fujita/Chicago History Museum; (victim) Chicago Herald and Examiner

White mobs killed four black colored streetcar people that Monday — John Mills, Henry Goodman, Louis Taylor, and B.F. Hardy — and middle eastern wife seriously beat another 30. A white 19-year-old Bridgeport resident, Nicholas Kleinmark, had been stabbed to death by a streetcar that is black, presumably while Kleinmark ended up being leading a mob attack and wielding a club.